Infotainment

Tesla Full Self Driving, comma 3X + openpilot – how do AI-powered self-driving cars currently work?

Tesla Full Self Driving, comma 3X + openpilot – how do AI-powered self-driving cars currently work?
Tesla Full Self Driving, comma 3X + openpilot - how do AI-powered self-driving cars currently work? 3

Tesla Full Self Driving, comma 3X + openpilot – how do AI-powered self-driving cars currently work?

Self-driving cars have been a topic of intense discussion and development for several years now. While many companies focus on a range of sensors like LIDAR, radar, and ultrasonic sensors, there are companies that insist on a vision-only approach.

What is the LIDAR approach?

Traditionally, autonomous vehicles have been equipped with an array of expensive sensors. LIDAR, short for Light Detection and Ranging, uses lasers to create a 3D map of the car’s surroundings. Radar helps in detecting objects’ speed and distance, and ultrasonic sensors aid in close-range detection. These systems often require a lot of computational power and can significantly drive up the cost of the vehicle.

What is the vision approach?

A vision-only approach is relies mainly on cameras, coupled with advanced machine learning algorithms, to give the vehicle its “sense” of direction. Cameras serve as the eyes of the car, capturing images that are then processed in real-time by the vehicle’s onboard computer. This setup significantly reduces costs and computational requirements.

Tesla is famous for its efforts to crack self-driving using a vision-only approach, but there is also an open source startup called comma AI that has a vision-based system called openpilot, as well as sells the hardware to run openpilot on called comma 3X in its latest iteration.

How does the computer understand how to drive a car?

By now a lot of us are already all familiar with OpenAI’s ChatGPT, a generative AI tool trained on a whole load of data to help it understand the world. So how does an AI know how to drive a car?

The answer is simple – by watching videos on how a car is driven.

Through this process, the AI driving model learns to recognise patterns and distinguish between a pedestrian, a cyclist, another vehicle, or even road signs and signals.

Once the machine learning model understands the environment, it makes real-time driving decisions. Should the car slow down because a pedestrian is crossing? Should it speed up to merge onto a highway? All of these decisions are made based on the continuous input of visual data and the patterns the model has learned.

For a human to get better at driving, it has to have more driving experience. The same goes with the AI model. It improves over time as it is fed more good quality data.

Where does Comma and Tesla get their driving videos?

Comma AI gathers its training data primarily through crowd-sourcing. When users install Comma AI’s hardware into their cars, the devices collect video data as well as other sensor information while driving. This data is then anonymized and used to improve the machine learning model.

This allows the system to be trained on a diverse range of real-world driving conditions, including different types of roads, traffic situations, and even varying weather conditions. Second, the data is naturally updated and expanded, which means the model is continuously refined as more users participate and share their data.

Tesla also collects data from their fleet of vehicles. The video feed from the cameras installed all around your Tesla is being used to train Tesla’s FSD AI.

Of course, it’s not just the video feed that’s needed. That teaches the car how the car should behave, but it doesn’t teach the car how to drive, as in how to control the car. Driving videos are collected along with associated data like steering angles, acceleration, and braking input from human drivers. These serve as the “training examples.”

For example, based on a human driver’s acceleration curve, the AI would be able to learn how to comfortable accelerate the car. If not, the driving would be super jerky, with abrupt acceleration and braking, just like a learner driver.

So the AI is like a child that we are teaching how to drive?

Yes. Imagine teaching a child how to recognize a red traffic light and understand what it means. You would show the child many pictures of red lights and say, “When you see this, you stop.” Over time, the child learns to associate the red light with the action of stopping. This process is similar to how machine learning trains a self-driving car.

See also  Tesla Superchargers in Malaysia – 5 new locations in KL, Putrajaya, Penang and Kuantan, from Q2 2024

First, the machine learning system is shown thousands of images of different traffic lights—red, green, yellow—alongside other road conditions. The system is told which color the light is displaying in each image. Over time, the system learns to identify traffic lights and their colors accurately, just like a child would.

Next, the system needs to learn what to do when it sees each color. It is fed more images, but this time, each image also comes with information about what the car did or should do: stop, go, or slow down. So, when it sees a red light in an image, the information that comes with it would be ‘stop.’

After looking at many images, the computer starts getting the hang of it. When it sees a red light, it knows that it’s time to stop. It has learned this through lots and lots of examples, sort of like practicing over and over again.

The same principle applies to recognizing pedestrians. The system is shown many pictures of people walking, standing, or running near the road. It learns that when it sees a shape that looks like a person, it needs to be cautious and prepared to stop.

After all this learning, the system is tested to make sure it understands correctly. It’s shown new pictures it hasn’t seen before to check if it knows what to do. If it passes these tests, it’s ready to be used in a real car to help it drive by itself.

In this way, the machine learning system gets better at understanding what different road signs, traffic lights, and objects like pedestrians mean and what actions it should take in response.

What is the current state of AI driving?

Here are some videos that show what FSD V12 is currently capable of. FSD V12 is a version that has yet to be released to consumers as a beta, but Elon Musk gave a live demo of it on public roads on X live streaming a few days ago.

Below is what Comma AI is capable of.

What will these AI driving systems cost and when will they be available?

Tesla’s FSD V11 beta can be purchased with a Model 3 or Model Y in Malaysia for RM32,000. But note that since the beta doesn’t work in Malaysia, you would essentially be parking your money with Tesla giving them an interest-free loan until it eventually becomes available.

As for Comma AI, you can actually buy the Comma 3X right now and run openpilot on it. Of course it doesn’t support all cars, so you have to check the list of supported cars (over 250+ currently) to see if you can use it. The Hyundai Ioniq 5 is one example of a car available in Malaysia that Comma 3X supports.

This video will show you how the Comma 3X is installed in your car, in case you are curious as to how it works. It’s basically just like installing a dashcam and plugging it into the OBD port.

It will cost you USD1,250 for the Comma 3X and USD200 for a harness specific to a car. International shipping is USD30. That’s under RM7,000 ringgit. Costs have come down quite significantly compared to previous versions of Comma.

Now if you think these prices are expensive, wait til you hear how LIDAR-based systems cost…

Would you spend money on AI driving capabilities for your car? Share your thoughts in the comments.

Looking to sell your car? Sell it with myTukar.

Tesla Full Self Driving, comma 3X + openpilot - how do AI-powered self-driving cars currently work? 3 kontraktor rumah
bina rumah
pinjaman lppsa
pengeluaran kwsp
spesifikasi rumah
rumah batu-bata
pelan rumah
rekabentuk rumah
bina rumah atas tanah sendiri
kontraktor rumah selangor
rumah banglo

Source

Kontraktor Bina Rumah IBS

LPPSA Kelayakan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Rumah Kontena Pinjaman LPPSA Rumah Pasang Siap Kontena Murah Rumah Kabin Buat Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Pinjamana Perumahan Kerajaan Loan LPPSA Untuk Beli Rumah Kelayakan LPPSA Rumah Kontena Pasang Siap Rumah Pasang Siap Malaysia Rumah IBS Malaysia Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Selangor LPPSA Loan Kontraktor Rumah Kontraktor Rumah IBS Kontraktor Rumah IBS Di Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Batang Kali‎ Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Klang‎ Kontraktor Bina Rumah di 16 Sierra, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Ampang Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Ara Damansara Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Balakong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Baru Bangi Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Baru Klang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Baru Selayang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Botanic Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Bukit Puchong 1, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Bukit Puchong 2, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Bukit Puchong, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Bukit Tinggi Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Country Homes Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar D’Alpinia, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Kinrara BK 1 Sehingga 6, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Mahkota Cheras Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Nusa Rhu Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Puchong Utama, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Puteri Puchong, Puchong Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Putra Permai Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Rasa Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Rinching Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Saujana Utama Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Seri Putra Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Sungai Buaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Sungai Long Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Sunway Semenyih Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Tasik Kesuma Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Teknologi Kajang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Teluk Datok Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar UtamaKontraktor Bina Rumah di Banting Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Batang Kali Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Batu 9 Cheras Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Batu Arang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bernam Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Antarabangsa Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Beruntung Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Gasing Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Komanwel Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Lanjan Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Raja Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit RimauKontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Sentosa Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Tagar Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bukit Tampoi Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Country Heights Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Damansara Damai Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Damansara Intan Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Damansara Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Damansara Perdana Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Damansara Utama Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Denai Alam Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Dengkil Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Dusun Tua Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Gombak SetiaKontraktor Bina Rumah di I-City Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kajang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kalumpang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kampung Jenderam Hilir Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kampung Kubu Gajah Dalam Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kelana Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kinrara Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Klang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kota Damansara Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kuala Kubu Bharu Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kuang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kwasa Damansara Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Lembah Beringin Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Mutiara Damansara Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Pandan Indah Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Pelabuhan Klang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Pinggiran Cyberjaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Puchong, Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Bandar Puteri Bangi Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Rawang, Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Sungai Rinching Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Sabak, Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Sekinchan Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Selayang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Semenyih Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Serendah Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Seri Kembangan Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Subang Bestari Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Subang Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Taman Tasik Semenyih Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Tanjung Sepat Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Teluk Datok Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Teluk Panglima Garang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Tropicana Kontraktor Bina Rumah di UEP Subang Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Ulu Yam Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Gombak Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Hulu Langat Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Hulu Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kuala Langat Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kuala Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Petaling Jaya Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Sabak Bernam Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Sepang Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Selangor Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kuala Lumpur Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Shah Alam Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Kapar Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Meru Kontraktor Bina Rumah di Puncak Alam Kontraktor Rumah Bina Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Pengeluaran Kwsp Spesifikasi Rumah Rumah IBS Pelan Rumah Rekabentuk Rumah Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kontraktor Rumah Selangor Rumah Banglo Kos Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Syarat Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri LPPSA Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kelantan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Sarawak Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kerajaan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Sabah Pinjaman Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kedah Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kelantan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Selangor Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kedah Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Johor Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Terengganu Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Perak Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Sarawak Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri MelakaBina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Negeri Sembilan Bantuan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kos Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Pinjaman Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Syarat Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri LPPSA Loan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Permohonan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Cara Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Skim Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri 2021 Pakej Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kelebihan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah SendiriBina Rumah Bawah 100k Kelantan Bina Rumah Sendiri Kos Bina Rumah 2022 Kos Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kelantan Pengalaman Buat Loan Untuk Bina Rumah Bina Rumah Murah Kontraktor Bina Rumah Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Bina Rumah Bajet 50k Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Selangor Bina Rumah Sendiri Tanpa Kontraktor Bina Rumah Bajet 30k Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kedah Bina Rumah Bajet 10k Bina Rumah Bajet 50k Selangor Bina Rumah SendiriBantuan Bina Rumah Atas Tanah SendiriKos Bina Rumah 2022Kos Bina Rumah 20×30 Pinjaman Bina Rumah Atas Tanah SendiriPengalaman Buat Loan Untuk Bina Rumah Kalkulator Bina Rumah Sendiri Pengeluaran Kwsp Untuk Bina Rumah Loan LPPSA Untuk Bina Rumah Kos Bina Rumah Bajet Kos Bina Rumah Kampung Bina Ayat Rumah Tangga Binatang Di Dinding Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Beli Tanah Pinjaman LPPSA Ubahsuai Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Beli Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Bina Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Untuk Beli Tanah Pinjaman LPPSA Untuk Bina Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Beli Tanah Pertanian Pinjaman LPPSA Jenis 5 Pinjaman LPPSA Atau Bank Semak Baki Pinjaman LPPSA Semakan Baki Pinjaman LPPSA Semak Baki Pinjaman LPPSA Sms Jenis Pinjaman LPPSA Syarat Pinjaman LPPSA Kelayakan Pinjaman LPPSA Jadual Kelayakan Pinjaman LPPSA Tuntutan Pindah Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Syarat Pinjaman LPPSA Bina Rumah Borang Tuntutan Pindah Rumah Pinjaman LPPSA Pinjaman Perumahan LPPSA Pinjaman Ubahsuai Rumah LPPSA Pinjaman Kedua LPPSA Pinjaman Kedua LPPSA Untuk Ubahsuai Rumah Pinjaman Perumahan LPPSA Vs Bank Pinjaman Bank Ke LPPSA Pinjaman Bersama LPPSA Pengiraan Kos Bina Rumah Sendiri Cara Jimat Buat Rumah Sendiri Bina Rumah Sendiri Tanpa Kontraktor Pengalaman Bina Rumah Sendiri Kos Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Sabah Pinjaman Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kerajaan Kos Bina Rumah 20×30 Kos Bina Rumah Paling Murah 2022 Harga Upah Tukang Rumah 2022 Kos Bina Rumah Kampung Kos Bina Rumah Bajet Anggaran Kos Bina Rumah 3 Bilik Kos Bina Rumah Atas Tanah Sendiri Kalkulator Bina Rumah Sendiri Rate Loan Rumah Kelayakan Loan Rumah Pinjaman Perumahan Public Bank Interest Bank Loan Rumah 2023 Interest Loan Rumah 2023 Berapa Lama Bank Proses Loan Rumah Cara Kira Interest Loan Rumah Bank Loan Rumah Terbaik Interest Bank Loan Rumah Public Bank Loan Rumah Affin Bank Loan Rumah Letter Offer Bank Loan Rumah Rhb Bank Loan Rumah Calculator Hong Leong Bank Loan Rumah Mbsb Bank Loan Rumah Rhb Bank Loan Rumah Cimb Bank Loan Rumah Agrobank Loan Rumah Bank Mana Senang Lulus Loan Rumah Bank Rakyat Loan Rumah Bank Islam Loan Rumah Bank Terbaik Untuk Loan Rumah Bank Call Untuk Pengesahan Loan Rumah Bank Muamalat Loan Rumah Bank Yang Mudah Lulus Loan Rumah Bank Akan Call Untuk Loan Rumah Bank Mbsb Loan Rumah Bank Islam Loan Rumah Contact Number LPPSA

See also  Capital A seeks US$1bil Nasdaq listing for brand management, aircraft leasing units

See also  Chery TJ-1 CDM - tough-looking SUV has no official name yet, but could come to Malaysia after first wave